Major Achievements of Krishi Vigyan Kendra Maulasar Nagaur-II (2015-16 to 2020-21)

1. Introduction:
Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Maulasar, Nagaur-II is an extension based agricultural institute established by the ICAR, New Delhi in 2012. The district occupies prominent place in the agro-climatic zone-II a, “Transitional Plain of Inland Drainage”. It covers total geographical area of 17,67,631 ha, accounting for 5.18 percent of the total reporting area of the Rajasthan state. The number of 1,610 inhabited villages in the thirteen blocks of the district. The total population of the district is 33.08 lac with 21.20 per cent scheduled castes and 0.3 per cent scheduled tribes. The sex ratio in the district is 950 and density of population is 187 per square km. The population of the Nagaur district is predominantly rural based with 80.7 per cent of the total population living in villages. Literacy rate in is 62.8 per cent which is far below the State average. 
The climate of the district is moderate and semi-arid. The maximum and minimum temperature of the district varies between 47o to 0o C. The normal rainfall is 360 mm. The district does not have any river flow throughout the year. Luni River flows in Nagaur district for only 37 kilometers. A large part of the district is vast semi desert plain having shallow to deep and sandy and sandy loam soils low in organic matter and N, Low to medium in P and medium in K. Deficiency of micro nutrients like Zinc, Sulfur and Iron have also started appearing in the district mainly in cash crops. The net sown area of the district is 12,15,515 ha which is 68.8 per cent of the total geographical area as against the State average of 49.9 per cent. The area sown more than once is 2,32,397 ha which is 19 per cent of the net sown area. The total cropped area of the district is 14,18,834 ha. The net irrigated area in the district is 2,77,000 ha which is 22.79 per cent of the net sown area. Wells are the major source of irrigation.

KVK, Maulasar, Nagaur II building

Newly established Orchard Unit at KVK, Maulasar Nagaur II

The crop sequences followed by cultivators are pearl millet-fallow, Kharif pulses-fallow, Kharif pulses-taramira/mustard under rain fed condition whereas Mung bean-cumin/isabgol/mustard, Pearl millet–cumin/isabgol/ mustard/wheat and cotton-cumin/Isabgol, under irrigated conditions. The productivity of Mung bean, moth bean, cluster bean and ground nut are higher in comparison to state average. The district has diversified agriculture scenario with cultivation of number of field crops, vegetables, spices, medicinal crop, orchards and flowers. The total area under fruits and vegetables is more than 11,848 ha with major area under onion in vegetables and pomegranate in fruits. The livestock population of the district is 31.50 lac, out of which cattle is 5.01 lac, buffalo 5.56 lac, sheep 5.85 lac and goat 14.85 lac. Decreasing water table, saline and alkaline soil & underground water, blight & wilt in cumin, gummosis & blight in fennel, leaf curl in chilies, lack of quality planting material, destruction of crops by blue bulls are some major problems of the district.
The KVK is located 120 km away from district head quarter on Maulasar Losal Sikar, 3 km away from Maulasar town. The farm is having land area of 20.16 ha out of which 18.0 ha is cultivated with vocational unit of small model nursery, mother orchard of ber, lime, pomegranate, bael, jamun, caronda, khirani and tamarind, soil water testing laboratory, rain water harvesting farm pond, Azola unit, vermi-compost unit, waste decomposer unit. Besides administrative building, farmers’ hostel and seed storage godown are also available. At present, Senior Scientist and Head along with four SMS (Agronomy, Horticulture, Plant Protection & Home Science), two PA (Lab Technician and Computer Programmer), Farm Manager, Stenographer, one Driver and one Support staff are working at KVK, Maulasar, Nagaur II.

Table 1: Area and Productivity of major crops in Nagaur District in 2015-16 & 2019-20*

Crop

Season 2015-16

Season 2019-20

Area
(ha)

Productivity (Kg/ha)

Area
(ha)

Productivity (Kg/ha)

Green gram

3,81,622

511

6,52,408

626

Pearl millet

3,53,028

698

3,03692

1,019

Cluster bean

1,92,870

452

1,00,357

702

Moth bean

1,21,356

312

62,590

434

Cotton

58,441

455

55,801

476

Wheat

60,279

2,658

68,017

2,834

Mustard

58,569

1,208

72,103

1,193

Cumin

49,645

627

72,815

712

Isabgol

40,046

718

42,353

873

Chickpea

15,588

1,230

1,30,331

1,162

*Krishi Vibhag, GOR, Jaipur
2. Training Achievements:
On Campus Trainings: Since last five years KVK Nagaur-II have organized total 78 on campus trainings benefiting 1745 farmers and farm women collectively. The trainings were carried out on topics such as improved cultivation practices of major crop, soil health management, integrated nutrient management, integrated weed management and integrated pest and disease management, nursery management of horticultural crops involved propagation methods of fruit crops and nursery raising of vegetables, improving household food security through nutria-gardens and drudgery reducing technologies.

On campus training on integrated pest management in groundnut, Date-13-14/ 8/2019, Venue- KVK Maulasar

On campus training Management of Nutri-garden, Date- 27/02/2020,Venue- KVK Maulasar

Off Campus Trainings: A total of 2574 farmers and farm women under the jurisdiction of KVK Nagaur-II were covered in 114 off campus trainings. Major aspects of these trainings were crop production technologies, integrated nutrient management, integrated pest management, protected cultivation under low plastic tunnels, nutrition for maternal and child health, drudgery reducing tools etc.

Off campus training on production technology of Groundnut, Date- 22/06/2019
Venue- Village: Todas (Nagaur)

Off campus training on Production technology of Kharif onion, Date- 20/9/2018, Venue- Village: Dabra (Nagaur)

Sponsored Trainings: From time to time sponsored trainings with financial support from ATMA Nagaur, NHRDF Kota, WDRA New Delhi SC/ST sub planand other line departments, total 21 sponsored training programmes were organized by the KVK with participation of 1053 farmers and farm women during the reported period.

Training on mushroom cultivation sponsored by SC-ST Sub plan, Date-07/03/2020, Venue-KVK Maulasar

Training on safe storage of cereals and pulses sponsored by WDRA New Delhi, Date- 28/01/2020
Venue-KVK Maulasar

Table 2:  On Campus, Off Campus and Sponsored agencies trainings organized for farmers


Year

On Campus Training

Off Campus Training

Sponsored Training

No.

Participants

No.

Participants

No.

Participants

2015-16

12

333

14

375

08

403

2016-17

10

197

14

283

04

140

2017-18

06

146

11

321

03

254

2018-19

30

568

42

869

03

106

2019-20

20

510

33

726

03

150

Total

78

1754

114

2574

21

1053

 

3. Frontline Demonstrations:
a. FLDs on Pulses (NFSM): Total 150 cluster frontline demonstrations on kharif pulses (green gram & moth bean) and 125 demonstrations on Rabi pulses (chickpea) were conducted in which improved varieties, seed & soil treatment, seed rate, spacing, INM, IWM, IPM technologies were demonstrated during last 2 years.


Table 3: Seed yield and economics of FLD laid out at farmers’ fields under NFSM on pulses

Year and No.

Variety

Seed yield (q/ha)

Per cent increase over FP

Net Return (Rs/ha)

Add. Net Return over FP
(Rs/ha)

Site/ Village

Farmer practice

Improved Practice

Farmer practice

Improved Practice

 

Chick Pea

 

2018-19 (75)

GNG-1958

13.7

18.9

37.9

46,113

66,871

20,758

Lalas, Kurali and Lichana

2019-20 (50)

RSG-974

14.5

18.9

30.7

53,637

74,138

20,501

Lichana and Billu

Moth bean

 

2018-19 (25)

RMo-435

04.0

05.1

26.7

3,450

6,342

2,892

Chak-khardiya

2019-20 (50)

RMo-257

05.3

07.0

21.1

12,054

25,456

13,402

Chak-khardiya and  Kharesh

Green gram

 

2018-19 (50)

GaM-5

04.8

06.2

29.6

14,155

23,592

9,437

Dasana khurd and Ladariya

2019-20 (25)

GaM-5

6.15

07.2

17.9

20,818

28,371

7,553

Ladariya

 


CFLD of Chickpea, Date-19/12/2019, Venue- Village: Lichana (Nagaur)

Field day on Green gram, Date-07/09/2019, Venue- Village: Ladriya (Nagaur)

b. FLDs on Oilseeds (NFSM): Total 250 cluster frontline demonstration on Kharif oilseeds (groundnut & sesame) and 375 demonstrations on Rabi oilseeds (mustard) were conducted during last 5 years in which improved varieties, seed & soil treatment, seed rate, spacing, INM, IWM, IPM technologies were demonstrated.

 

 

 


Table 4: Seed yield and economics of FLD laid out at farmers’ fields under NFSM on oilseeds

Year and No.

Variety

Seed yield (q/ha)

Per cent increase over FP

Net Return (Rs/ha)

Add. Net Return over FP
(Rs/ha)

Site/Village

Farmer practice

Improved Practice

Farmer practice

Improved Practice

Groundnut

 

2018-19 (50)

----

18.5

23.1

25.1

40,750

58,567

17,817

Chitawa and Nangwara

2019-20 (75)

HNG-123

21.5

24.7

14.9

58,885

74,447

15,562

Gogor, Nalot and Nangwara

Sesame

2018-19 (50)

RT-351

03.6

04.9

37.2

6,300

11,933

5,633

Nimba ka bas and Todas

2019-20 (75)

RT-351

03.5

04.6

29.4

6,198

12,019

5,821

Beri kalan, Nimba ka bas and Todas

Mustard

2018-19 (75)

DRMRIJ-31

14.0

19.1

36.4

41,300

55,955

14,655

Adaksar, Bawadi and Bheelal

2019-20 (300)

DRMRIJ-31

14.3

18.0

26.4

44,325

59,381

15,056

Adaksar, Bacchhwari, Bardwa, Bedwa, Bhawata, Daulatpura, Deep pura, Gelasar, Gogor, Kurali, Ladariya, Maulasar and Rashidpura

 


 

 

Field day on Mustard, Date- 20/12/2019,Venue- Village: Bedwa (Nagaur)

Field day on Groundnut, Date- 05/10/2019, Venue-Village: Nalot (Nagaur)

c. FLDs (Other Crops): To demonstrate performance of high yielding/improved varieties of pearl millet, green gram, cluster bean, wheat, mustard, chickpea, frontline demonstrations were conducted on farmer’s field. Frontline demonstrations on pest and disease management also conducted to enhance the crop productivity. FLD on Kharif onion saves people from the sting of inflation when its prices skyrocket. Off season cultivation of bottle gourd fetches more prices in comparison of its seasonal (summer and rainy season) cultivation.

 


Table 5:  Seed yield and economics of FLD on cereals, pulses, oilseeds and other crops laid out at farmers’ fields


Year and No.

Variety

Seed yield (q/ha)

Per cent increase over FP

Net Return (Rs/ha)

Add. Net Return over FP
(Rs/ha)

Site/ Village

Farmer practice

Improved Practice

Farmer practice

Improved Practice

Green gram

 

2015-16 (40)

GM-4

04.6

05.8

25.2

25,100

38,500

13,400

Shiv

2016-17 (20)

IPM-02-3

5.20

06.1

17.9

18,700

24,000

5,300

Chhapri, Prempura and Pabupura

2019-20 (10)

GAM-5

04.7

06.3

35.1

12,285

21,667

9,382

Dakipura

Cluster bean

 

2015-16 (35

RGC-1066

05.8

07.2

24.1

19,140

23,500

4,360

Bakawas, Barwala, Charanwas, Chawandiya, Dasana khurd, Dhankoli and  Jiliya

2016-17 (20)

RGC-1038

06.2

07.5

21.0

21,080

25,000

3,920

Chawandiya, Dasana khurd, Maulasar and Pabupura

2017-18 (10)

RGC-1038

5.62

06.5

16.5

39,920

49,000

9,080

Dabada,  Koliya, Nuwa and Sudarsan

2018-19 (25)

RGC-1038

07.4

09.6

29.7

12,800

20,900

8,100

Dabada

2019-20 (25)

RGC-1033

07.7

09.2

19.5

25,520

32,474

6,954

Dabada

Pearl millet

 

2015-16 (9)

RHB-177

19.4

24.2

24.7

42,250

53,700

11,450

Barwala, Bhadasar, Chawandiya, Dabada, Ladariya and Maulasar

2018-19 (25)

MPMH-17

13.3

15.7

18.4

30,362

35,647

5,285

Maulasar

2019-20 (25)

MPMH-17

21.5

26.5

23.4

51,860

64,994

13,134

Bedwa

Kharif onion, Tomato, Groundnut, Bottle gourd

 

2018-19 (10)
2018-19 (10)
2019-20 (10)
2018-19 (10)

Agrifound Dark Red

245

298

21.6

85,800

1,40,883

55,083

Bedwa, Dabada, Maulasar and  Rashidpura

Arka Rakshak

175

216

23.2

1,66,700

2,12,750

46,050

Bawadi, Bhadaliya, Maulasar and Rashidpura

Rashdar Anand

18.6

23.0

23.6

53,324

71,044

17,720

Bedwa and Nangwada

Pusa Navin

200

265

32.5

69,900

2,17,500

1,47,600

Asalsar and Dhankoli

 

 

 

Table 6:  Seed yield and economics of FLD on cereals, pulses, oilseeds and other crops laid out at farmers’ fields


Year and No.

Variety

Seed yield (q/ha)

Per cent increase over FP

Net Return (Rs/ha)

Add. Net Return over FP
(Rs/ha)

Site/ Village

Farmer practice

Improved Practice

Farmer practice

Improved Practice

Chick pea

 

2015-16 (30)

GNG-1581

12.0

14.3

19.0

26,350

42,200

15,850

Asalsar, Badi beri, Barwala, Chitawa, Dasana, Dhankoli, Chawandiya, Maulasar, Nangwara, Payali,

2016-17 (30)

GNG-1581

13.0

15.8

21.2

30,000

50,560

20,560

Gogor, Lichana

Mustard

 

2015-16 (40)

NRCDR-2

14.0

16.7

19.1

10,900

21,130

10,230

Asalsar, Basa, Barwada, Beri kalan and  Maulasar

2016-17 (41)

PM-26, NRCHB-101

16.0

17.6

10.2

32,800

39,000

6,200

Dasana, Dabada, Dhankoli, Jharod, Maulasar, Phagoriya ki dhani and  Raitheliya

2017-18 (27)

NRCHB-101

15.5

17.5

13.0

35,000

43,000

8,000

Bheelal and Chitawa

2018-19 (10)

Giriraj

14.0

19.0

35.7

26,500

34,925

8,425

Maulasar

Wheat

 

2015-16 (25)

KRL-213, Raj-4083

28.6

34.2

19.6

34,320

40,800

6,480

Bhawanipura, Bhopji ka bas, Dabada, Khakholi and  Khedi khinvsingh

2016-17 (25)

Raj-4083

30.5

37.1

21.7

37,100

53,300

16,200

Bawadi and Dhankoli

2018-19 (25)

GJW-11

31.0

36.1

16.1

70,540

77,981

7,441

Dhankoli

Barley

 

2015-16 (34)

RD-2715

28.9

34.5

19.4

36,125

43,000

6,875

Jhalara, Kharesh, Raitheliya, Tarpura, Thebadi and Toshina

2016-17 (30)

RD-2715

30.8

37.2

20.7

38,800

48,900

10,100

Bedwa and Maulasar



 

Field day on Kharif onion, Date-15/12/2018, Venue- Village: Berwa (Nagaur)

Layout of Nutri-garden at Farm women’s home, Date- 26/11/2018,Venue-Village: Dabda (Nagaur)

FLD on Wheat var. Raj 4083, Date- 14/03/2016,  Rabi 2015-16, Venue- Village: Bhop ji ka bass ( Toshina), Nagaur

FLD on  high yielding variety of barley, Date- 28/02/2020,Venue-Village: Bedwa (Nagaur)

4. On Farm Trials:

Title: Effect of high yielding variety on barley productivity.
Result: Grain yield of barley was 20 per cent higher in RD-2786 variety (51.8 q/ha) with B:C ratio (3.71) as compared to local check (43 q/ha & 3.22, respectively).

Title: Effect of mulching on productivity of chilli crop.
Result: Yield was increased up to 18.5 per cent due to reduced evaporation, water runoff, soil compaction, erosion and weed number.

5. Villages Adopted and Activities carried out in the village:

Under doubling farmer income (DFI) two villages Bedwa and Ladariya of Didwana block were adopted after conducting bench mark survey. Main occupation of major population is agriculture involving animal husbandry and horticulture. The soil type of the adopted villages is sandy loam with limited irrigation facilities. Major cropping systems of the adopted villages are Pearl millet/Cluster bean/Green gram-Wheat/Barley/Mustard/Fenugreek.

In adopted villages total 6 off campus trainings, 110 frontline demonstrations, 20 on farm trials, 3 field days and 9 field visits were organized. Swacchhta Action Plan (SAP) was implemented in adopted village Bedwa in which vermicompost beds were constructed and waste decomposer organic unit was demonstrated. The yield under CFLDs, OFTs and other activities was increased smoothly which resulted in enhancement of farmers income and living standard.

 

Field day on barley in adopted village, Date-14/02/2019, Venue- Village: Bedwa (Nagaur)

Off campus training on drudgery reducing  implements, Date- 20/12/2019 Venue-Village: Ladriya (Nagaur)

6. Seed Production: Total 286.73 q seed was produced at KVK Farms.

Table 7: Seed Production at KVK, Maulasar instructional farm

Year

Crops

Variety

Quantity (q)

2015-16

Cluster bean, Green gram

RGC 1066, RGC 1038, GM 4

1.0,15.0,4.0

2016-17

Cluster bean, Green gram

RGC 1038, GM 4

17.0, 20.0

2017-18

Sesame, Cluster bean, Green gram

RT 351, RGC 1038, MH 421, GaM 5

1.4,8.0, 25.0,25.0

2018-19

Sesame, Pearl millet , Green gram

RT 351, MPMH 17, MH 421, GaM 5

4.58,27.63,8.65,20.30

2019-20

Sesame, Cluster bean, Green gram

RT 351, RGC 1033, MH 421, GaM 6

05.66, 51.57, 22.93, 29.04

Total

286.73

Seed production of cluster bean var. RGC-1033
Date- Kharif 2019, Venue- KVK farm, Maulasar

Seed production of green gram var. GM-4
Date- Kharif 2019, Venue- KVK farm, Maulasar

7. Special National level programmes:
Nutri Sensitive Agricultural Resources and Innovations (NARI): Under this programme various trainings, gosthies, demonstration are being carried out in the adopted village Dabda since 2018 onward for establishment and promotion of nutrition related technologies such as Nutri-garden and Nutri thali.
Medical Health Camp under NARI: A health camp was organized at adopted village Dabda, Tehsil-Didwana for monitoring hemoglobin levels and general medical checkup of rural women and adolescent girls with the participation of total 117 rural women along with 10 Government personnel from line departments including Doctors, ANMs, Anganwadi workers, and Nurses.
Swachhtta Pakhwada: With the aim to promote sanitation and cleanliness, KVK Maulasar organizes swachhta pakhwada twice a year in October and in December as directed by DEE, AU Jodhpur & ATARI, Jodhpur. So far around 20 villages under the jurisdiction of the KVK have been covered under this drive since last two years.
DAESI: KVK Nagaur-II has successfully completed first batch of 40 input dealers under Diploma in Agricultural Extension Services for Input dealers (DAESI) programme in the year 2018-19.

DAESI programme organized, Date-06/01/2019 to 23/12/2019, Venue- KVK, Nagaur II

Parthenium Awareness Week: With the objective to create awareness among the farmers about disadvantages of Parthenium weed and its management, the Parthenium awareness week is celebrated from 16 to 22 August every year.
Productivity Week: Different new & effective technologies to enhance the productivity of agricultural crops are discussed with farmers of different villages by trainings, kisan goshties etc from 12th Feb 2019 to 18th Feb 2019.
Fertilizer Awareness Campaign: With the objective to aware the farmers for balanced & judicious use of fertilizers, soil & water testing ‘Fertilizer Awareness Campaign’ was organized on 7th -8th  June 2016 in Maulasar which was attended by 150 participants.
World Soil Health Day: World soil health day on every year dated 5th December was celebrated with farmers & farm women. The farmers are benefited by participating in this event by getting knowledge about soil testing, integrated nutrient management and organic manure preparation methods.

World Soil Health Day, Date- 05/12/2019,Venue- KVK Maulasar

International Women’s Day, Date- 8/03/2020, Venue- Village: Nimod (Nagaur)

8. Kisan Mela:
Jal Shakti Abhiyan: Under the aegis of Ministry of Jalshakti, GOI, a kisan mela was organized at KVK premises with farmers and other stakeholders for generating awareness on water conservation and rain water harvesting on 03rd September 2019. Sh. Shyamal Mishra, Joint Secretary, GOI and Sh. Jawahar Lal Choudhary, CEO, ZP, Nagaur were the Chairman and Chief guest of the occasion. An exhibition on water conservation models & water slogans was carried out and publication on water conservation was distributed among the farmers, dealers & students. A total of 867 people participated in the event.

Jal Shakti Abhiyan Mela, Date- 03/09/2019, Venue-KVK Maulasar

9. Other activities of KVK:

Year

Field Days

Exhibitions

Advisory Services

Film Shows

Diagnostic Visits

Farmer Scientist Interactions

2015-16

03

03

35

13

05

02

2016-17

05

04

124

04

07

04

2017-18

03

08

295

12

06

03

2018-19

18

03

23

02

11

05

2019-20

22

04

50

06

15

03

Total

51

22

527

37

44

17

10. Publications:

Year

Extension Manuals

Booklets

Popular Articles

Research Papers

Pamphlets

Leaflets

2015-16

-

-

03

-

01

03

2016-17

01

-

03

-

03

07

2017-18

01

-

02

-

02

03

2018-19

01

01

28

02

09

07

2019-20

02

09

18

06

08

07

Total

05

10

54

08

23

27

11. Five Major Revolutions:

  • KVK, Maulasar, Nagaur-II obtained the highest Seed Production (Green gram, clusterbean & sesame) 109.5 q during Kharif, 2019 by using improved new varieties and other technologies from its Instructional Farm.
  • KVK Nagaur-II have demonstrated a total of 275 cluster frontline demonstrations under pulses (green gram, mothbean & chickpea) and 625 demonstrations under oilseeds (groundnut, sesame & mustard) during 2018-19 and 2019-20 resulting in improvement of  15-30% in average yield and 10% area of demonstrated crop.
  • FLD on Kharif onion variety Agrifound Dark Red (3.0 and 1.0 ha in 2018-19 and 2019-20, respectively) helped in the dissemination of technology in and around the villages of Bedwa covering more than 100 ha of land under kharif onion where earlier farmers used to grow only rabi onion. The spread of variety (AFDR) from farmer to farmer has gained momentum annually.
  • KVK Nagaur-II analyzed the problem and situation of farmers related to white grubs inflicting serious damage to major crops of the region which include Groundnut and Bajra. Through use of plant protection measures, management of such insect attack have been done by the centre from time to time.
  • Since last two years 80 nutri-garden demonstrations have been established by KVK to combat nutritional food security of the farm families of adjoining villages of KVK including Bedwa, Laderiya, Dabda and Maulasar. The spread of this technology through trainings, demonstrations, extension literature has helped to improve the nutritional literacy of the farm women.

14. Other Significant Achievements:

  • KVK Maulasar has established an IFS model at the farm. Demonstration units such as Vermi-compost unit, Napier grass unit, Azolla unit, Nutri garden demo and crop cafeteria displaying various improved varieties of crops suitable to the area have been established at the centre itself. This has helped in benefitting the farmers to get a firsthand experience of the technologies. Farmer also started line sowing in isabgol which was popularized by KVK, Maulasar over broadcasting.
  • Since its inception, the center has been working on the thrust areas of ICM, INM, IPM, IWM, organic farming, dry land farming technologies, post-harvest techniques and drudgery reduction by providing situation specific and need based trainings and demonstrations to the partner farmers and farm women. The popularization of potash application in bulb crop was reported as very beneficial practice as this practice improved bulb size, total yield, keeping quality and thereby net return from these crops at many farmer fields.

 

  • On and Off campus trainings on horticultural crop resulted in increase in area of under Pomegranate, Date palm, Citrus and Vegetables in Nagaur District.
  • The KVK has developed 15 ha of land by removing Juliflora, Kair etc. and developing the same piece of land for seed production programme and produced total 286 quintals of pulses seed for sale to the local farmer with 2350 total beneficiaries. During last five years barbed wire fencing was established around the field for protection of seed production programme at KVK farm.

 

  • During last five year total 2,000 soil and water samples were analyzed and soil health cards were distributed to the farmers. Trainings on soil sampling method and importance of soil health cards were organized.


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